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By default, firewalls and routers block incoming ports. To achieve the best results with aMule, you need to configure your firewall or router to open certain ports which aMule uses. (The port numbers are configurable in preferences). See the FAQ.

In particular, to be given an eD2k HighID, port 4662 TCP must be listening (i.e. opened in your firewall and forwarded in your router). To have an optimal ED2K experience, two more port should be enabled for listening as well: UDP ports 4672 and 4665. If you are using Kad and your router is doing NAT (Network Address Translation), you should prevent your router from remapping the port of outgoing UDP port 4672 packets. This might help if you have a high ID but Kad status is 'firewalled'.

Note As of mid-December 2006, aMule (CVS) has Universal Plug and Play (uPnP) capabilities which you can use to automatically configure the ports on your router, provided your router supports uPnP. This functionality is still being tested and should appear soon in an official release.


SuSE Linux users try this HowTo.

RedHat / Fedora Core

RedHat / Fedora Core users try this HowTo.

IPTables Configuration

If you set TCP port in aMule to XX and UDP port to YY then you have to set your firewall like this:

iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport XX -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p udp --dport XX+3 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p udp --dport YY -j ACCEPT

If you are building your iptables-rules from scratch, you also need to allow ESTABLISHED and RELATED traffic to come through your firewall:

iptables -A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT

And you must enable traffic to leave your machine aswell, by either allowing all outgoing traffic:


or specifying special rules:

If your OUTPUT rules is DROP(iptables -P OUTPUT DROP) you have to allow the 2 UDP port.
iptables -A OUTPUT -p udp --sport XX+3 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT -p udp --sport YY -j ACCEPT

There is also some random source port ephemeral_ports that you have to allow in your output rules.

NOTE: for Mandrake 10.0 Official and iptables you may have to change the multi-port entry to iptables -A INPUT -p udp --dport XX:ZZ -j ACCEPT where XX is the same TCP port number used in first line and ZZ is that number plus 3 (eg: 4662:4665)

If you want to setup aMule behind a NAT gateway, you should add these lines to your iptables configuration script, on the gateway :

EXTIF is your external interface

iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -i $EXTIF -p tcp --destination-port $EMULEPORT -j DNAT --to-destination $EMULEHOST:$EMULEPORT
iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -i $EXTIF -p udp --destination-port $EMULEUDP -j DNAT --to-destination $EMULEHOST:$EMULEUDP
iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -i $EXTIF -p udp --destination-port $EMULEUDP2 -j DNAT --to-destination $EMULEHOST:$EMULEUDP2

You also should make sure that your FORWARD-string is set up correctly. Usually, you will have an entry like this:


where INTIF is your internal interface and EMULEHOST is the host running the eD2k server on your internal network.

This will prevent new connections. So, you should allow all forwarding for aMule-related ports:

iptables -A FORWARD -i $EXTIF -o $INTIF -p tcp --dport $EMULEPORT -d $EMULEHOST -j ACCEPT
iptables -A FORWARD -i $EXTIF -o $INTIF -p udp --dport $EMULEUDP -d $EMULEHOST -j ACCEPT
iptables -A FORWARD -i $EXTIF -o $INTIF -p udp --dport $EMULEUDP2 -d $EMULEHOST -j ACCEPT

Once everything is set, you can check here if your ports are now open.

See also the FAQ on "Why does Kademlia still say it is firewalled?"


Here is a list of routers and how to set them up to forward their ports to aMule.

In the descriptions below, examples are using the default ports (that is, 4662 for the Standard client TCP port, 4672 for the Extended client UDP port and 4665 for the Extended server requests UDP port.

Linksys WRT54GSV4

  1. Open your web browser, and log into it
  2. Go under Gaming applications
  3. Now forward the ports to your computer:
    1. Standard client TCP port
      1. Change both Ports start and End to 4662
      2. In the next field set TCP
      3. In the field, the last 3 digits of your LAN IP
    2. Extended client UDP port
      1. Change both Ports start and End to 4672
      2. In the next field set UDP
      3. In the field, the last 3 digits of your LAN IP
    3. Extended server requests UDP port
      1. Change both Ports start and End to 4665
      2. In the next field set UDP
      3. In the field, the last 3 digits of your LAN IP
  4. Now check Enable
  5. And click Save settings
  6. Then restart aMule :)

Linksys Router configuration

This portion of the wiki applies only to stock versions of the Linksys firmware. If you are using a Linksys router running a variant of the GPL code, please follow the guides directly above as you are most likely using iptables.

Log into your Linksys router. After successfully logging in, click on the main menu link labeled Applications & Gaming after which you should see an additional submenu list for this section. Make sure you are under the correct submenu by clicking Port Range Forwarding.

At this point, you should see a table with 6 columns. The columns are: Application, Start to, End, Protocol, IP Address, Enable.

The Application column
Friendly name for the service. Put anything you want here, aMule being suggested.

The Start to -> End column
Start and end ports. Start to should be 4662 but, in the end, this should reflect whatever port you have defined in aMule Preferences -> Connection -> Client TCP Port. End should be 4672 but, in the end, this should reflect whatever port you have defined in aMule Preferences -> Connection -> eMule extended UDP Port.

I suggest using 2 separate entries for each port unless this is not possible.

The Protocol column
Protocol to listen for. If you use one line to open your aMule ports, set this option to Both. If you use a separate entry line for each, select option TCP for Client TCP Port and option UDP for eMule extended UDP Port.

The IP Address column
Internal IP address to forward requests to. This is typically the internal (private) IP address of the computer that will use aMule.

The Enable column
Enable rule. You'll need to check this in order to enable your aMule rules.

After adding your rule, make sure you save your settings. You can verify whether your rules work by testing your ports.

DLink Router configuration

Log in to your DLink router. There are three steps to take to enable your aMule ports.

IP Address setup

In the Home tab, click the DHCP button. This page displays the current IP addresses assigned by the router, both static and dynamic. Look for the name or MAC address of the computer you'll be running aMule on. If your computer is receiving dynamically assigned IP addresses, you will have to change your settings every so often if your IP address changes. To avoid this, use the Static DHCP section, and perform the following steps:

  • Name: Type in the name of your computer here, could be anything
  • IP: The IP address you want the router to always assign to your computer
  • MAC Address: The MAC address of your computer. You should be already connected to the router, so you can find your computer in the DHCP Client drop-down menu, and click clone, to populate this number
  • Click Apply

Now your computer will always receive the same IP address.

Now click on the Advanced tab, and there are two areas that need to be updated:

Virtual Server

  • Click the Virtual Server button. This page forwards external requests to a specific internal IP address in your network
  • Click Enabled
  • Enter a name in the Name entry box, eg aMule TCP
  • Enter your static IP address in the Private IP box
  • Select TCP in Protocol type
  • Private port is the port that the router will forward the requests to on your computer. This can be anything, a good value is the default aMule TCP port, 4662
  • Public port is the port that the router will receive requests on. Again, a good value is the aMule TCP port of 4662
  • Schedule is the times at which the port is open. Select Always, or whatever times you wish
  • Click Apply


  • Click the Applications button. This page allows you to enter a range of ports to open for application usage
  • Click Enabled
  • Enter the TCP port in the first Trigger Port box, a good value being 4662
  • Select Trigger Type as TCP
  • In Public Port, enter the range from your aMule TCP port to your aMule UDP port, usually 4662-4672
  • Select UDP as the Public Type
  • Click Apply

You should now be all set, assuming that your computer firewall is setup to allow access on the selected ports.

Alternate Configuration (ie instead of Applications) for D-Link

  • Go back to virtual server and set 2 other virtual servers for the UDP ports

(It works only that way on my D-Link DI-804HV)

  • Virtual server aMuleUDP4665 - select your IP address and UDP and 4665 (port)
  • Virtual Server aMuleUDP4672 - select your ip address and UDP and 4672 (port)

(disable the above amule applications if you did try and it do not work). Then you shoudl have all arrows green ( and 3 virtual servers running for amule, 1 for TCP and 2 for UDP).

Another Alternate Configuration (using Firewall rules) for D-Link (tested on D-Link DI-624)

  • Click on Advanced tab then click on Firewall. This page can be used to setup firewall rules directly Without ANY further settings in Virtual server or Applications tabs
  • Click Enabled
  • Enter your preferred name for the rule (must be unique)
  • Select WAN as source interface and * for source IP Range Start (IP Range End can be left blank)
  • Select LAN as destination interface and enter the static IP of your PC running aMule for destination IP Range Start (IP Range End can be left blank)
  • Select * as destination protocol
  • Enter 4662-4672 as destination port range
  • Select your preferred scheduling
  • Click apply

IMPORTANT NOTE: disable all existing entries for aMule you may have specified in Virtual server or Applications tabs.

  • Reboot your router to be sure new configuration is applied (Tools -> Misc).

Belkin Router configuration

Log in to your Belkin router: You will be following these steps twice: once to create a TCP record, and again to create a UDP record.

  • Click the Virtual Servers link in the Firewall section on the left. This page forwards external requests to a specific internal IP address in your network
  • Pick the first empty row
  • Check Enabled
  • Enter any name you like in the Description entry box, eg: aMule TCP/UDP
  • For the Inbound port entry boxes, enter 4660 and 4712.
  • Select TCP or UDP out of the Type dropdown. If you already have one set up, pick the other.
  • For Private IP address enter the IP address the router assigned your machine. There are many ways to find this. Ubuntu users might want to use gnome-nettool (Network Tools) and look at the IPv4 entry under the appropriate network interface. If you like the terminal, type ifconfig and look for the inet addr entry. If you're in Windows, you can type ipconfig from the command line. No matter how you do it, the number should look like 192.168.2.x where x is the number you will be entering.
  • Private port is the port that the router will forward the requests to on your computer. Though this can be anything, the default aMule port is 4662 for TCP and 4672 for UDP. Entering 4660 and 4712, same as the inbound port range above, will cover other possible ports.
  • Repeat the steps above to make sure you have an entry for both TCP and another entry for UDP.
  • Click Apply
  • If you have aMule open, go to it click Disconnect. When the button changes, click Connect. Kad should no longer be firewalled and you should not get another Low ID error. If you do still have issues, make sure you completed all the steps correctly by testing your ports:

Keep in mind that the Private IP address number could change if you're ever disconnected from the router, because it is dynamically assigned by default.

Netgear router

First, go to your router control page, locate at Then, on the left side of the screen, under the Advanced group of options, click "Port Forwarding/Port Triggering." Click the "Add Custom Service" button, name it aMule1 (or whatever), set it as a TCP-only forwarding, with the starting and ending port being 4662 and the server IP address being whatever local address you're using (probably, if you're the only one connected to the router, but check), and click Apply. Repeat the process with aMule2 and aMule 3, using UDP-only ports for both and starting and ending ports of 4665 and 4672, respectively. (That is, the same starting and ending port within aMule2 and aMule3, but aMule2=4665 and aMule3=4672.) Make sure that iptables is properly set up on the machine which will run aMule (as above), and you're done.

Not all Netgear routers are the same, evidently, because on the DG834G it's more complicated. Go to the router's configuration page:

  1. Select Services from the Content Filtering menu
  2. Add your three rules (1 x TCP, 2 x UDP) based on your aMule Connection preferences
  3. Select Firewall Rules from the same menu
  4. Add all three rules as Inbound Services
  5. Add both UDP rules as Outbound Services (only one of these is crucial but I add the other just in case)

TRENDnet router TW100

First connect to your router: usually open a browser and type directly the router IP address: such as (or, then the login box should appear ( depending on your router config) - if so answer the message log message with ‘admin’ as username and nothing as password (or you password if you did set one).

Then On the left side Menu, Select Internet and thenselect Advanced Setup (Advanced Internet). Then click/select, [Special Applications]:

Add or replace 2 lines in the Special Applications list: (Try not to remove something which you are using and which is already enabled) (just add the new application for amule at the end in position Nr. 5 or Nr.6 in the list for example):

Create the entries as follows:

amuleU4665 TCP-4665-4665 UDP-4665-4665

amuleU4672 TCP-4672-4672 UDP-4672-4672 )

(In my Application List the “amuleU4665” and “amule4672” are in Nr1 and Nr2 but it can be in any position in your list).

->Click on the small box [ ] on the left for both lines of your amuleUxxxx applications to enable the special applications to work!

Then click on [Save], then click on [Close]

Then click on [Save] again on the page – Advanced Internet .

The next and last step is to click on the “Virtual Servers” menu on the left side, then the “Virtual Server page will appear”:

Add a new virtual server named like: AmuleTCP

Select your computer* IP Address: in the DropDown Menu

Select: TCP

Write the 4662 Port and 4662 port (both fields the same port)

Then [Add as new server]

Then you are set to have High ID and Kad ON. Finished with the Low-ID, yellow arrows and Kad Firewalled. Now all you arrows should be green and you should have access to Kad and ed2K.

Important Note:

  • Be careful in the case that your computer is using the DHCP protocol (ie to obtain IP address from the router).

The router might not give all the time the same IP address to your computer. (normally it does so... but sometimes it can change). You have two solutions if you see that you have a low- ID then: (2 solutions)

1) log back to the router go back to the virtual server, select the amuleTCP virtual server that you created and just reselect you computer in the “PC(server)” entry box. And select [Update this server] and log out. It should do the job.

Or an alternative solution :

2)You can Set-up your computer with a fixed IP address if you want. If this problem of low-ID happens too often because you DHCP router gives different IP address to your computer, then you can put your computer in static mode or DHCP reserved address. But you need to know your DNS server(s) before to do that – so check with your ISP which are your DNS servers. Then configure your computer to run with a fixed DHCP/ Static address / Manual Address (name depends what OS you are running). For that go to your network settings and put the P address you want, and the gateway (you router IP address) and the DNS from your ISP – All this to be done ion the Other / PC Database (Admin) page of the router.

In the case that your TRENDNet router crashes or stop forwarding any traffic from/to your aMule computer . (it happened to me), then :

- reduce the Connection limit (in Preferences->Connection) to 100 (or to 50) - reduce the "Max new connections / 5 secs" (in Preferences->Core Tweaks) to 10 (or to 5) Stop amule and restart aMule so that configuration will be validated.

Make some tests to find your best config. It should give more stability to your router and avoid your router to crash ( ie you would have to reset and/or turn it on and off). This might be true for other routers as well(?).

(TRENDnet Firewall from RFV - --Robert364 17:05, 5 Nov 2006 (CET))


The firewall that comes with OpenBSD is called packetfilter (pf). To get aMule running, you must add the following rules to your pf.conf (/etc/pf.conf):

 # aMule TCP and UDP
 rdr pass on egress proto tcp to port 4662 -> IPADDR
 rdr pass on egress proto udp to port 4672 -> IPADDR
 rdr pass on egress proto udp to port 4665 -> IPADDR

IPADDR is the internal ip-address of the computer in your network that runs aMule. Pf guesses automatically the name of the outter interface (connected with the internet), thanks to the keyword "egress" (this means: "the interface where goes the default route", and it's updated dynamicaly in case of change).

Example (IP of computer running aMule is

 # aMule TCP and UDP
 rdr pass on egress proto tcp to port 4662 ->
 rdr pass on egress proto udp to port 4672 ->
 rdr pass on egress proto udp to port 4665 ->

Of course, the computer running aMule must also have access to the internet so add the following rules too:

 nat on egress from IPADDR to any -> (egress)

IPADDR is the internal ip-address of the computer in your network that runs aMule.

Example (like above):

 nat on egress from to any -> (egress)

To activate the changed configuration, reboot or execute the following command:

 pfctl -f /etc/pf.conf

In order to have the firewall automatically loaded at boot :

 echo PF=yes >> /etc/rc.conf.local

To give KAD a better connection than "firewalled" put the following at the beginning of the NAT section of pf.conf (because NAT rules work on the first matching rule in the list, unlike the rest of pf.conf):

 no nat on egress proto udp from port 4672 to any

See the FAQ on "Why does Kademlia still say it is firewalled?"


This is the default firewall for many linux distributions.

 /sbin/iptables -t filter -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 4662 -j ACCEPT
 /sbin/iptables -t filter -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m udp -p udp --dport 4665 -j ACCEPT
 /sbin/iptables -t filter -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m udp -p udp --dport 4672 -j ACCEPT

My router is not here?

If You have another type of router, check the correct A-Mule (or E-Mule) NAT-settings for Your modell on this site:

Enable UPnP through the firewall

If you use UPnP on aMule and your PC uses a personal firewall, then you should allow incoming connections on UPnP port (default TCP 50000, but configurable on aMule) and incoming UDP connections on any port, but coming from your default gateway's port 1900 (that is, connections have source port 1900 but can be directed to any port on your PC). Here's the line I used to do this on iptables ( is my UPnP-enabled router):

 /sbin/iptables -t filter -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 50000 -j ACCEPT
 /sbin/iptables -t filter -A INPUT -p udp -s --sport 1900 -j ACCEPT